Antonio David (1684 – 1750)Prince James Edward Stuart, The Old Pretender (1688 – 1766), , circa 1717 - 1718Oil on canvas17 ¼ x 13 in. (44 x 33 cm.)
Andrea Soldi (c.1703 – 1771)An Unknown Gentleman in Levantine Dress, 1734Oil on canvas33 x 25 in. (83.8 x 63.5 cm.)
George Knapton (1698 – 1778)Major, later Lieutenant Colonel John Caulfeild (d.1752), Commander-in-chief of the Island of Roatan, shortly after 1743Oil on canvas50 x 39 ¼ in. (127 x 100 cm.)
ABOUT 18TH CENTURY PORTRAITURE
With the death of Queen Anne in 1714, the longstanding Stuart monarchy, who united the kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland, came to an end in what was now the United Kingdom. With the introduction of the Hanoverian dynasty with King George I, Britain became distinctly more aware of the differences in European culture and what was distinctly 'British'.
European court painters, active from the second half of the 17th century onward, like Sir Peter Lely, Sir Godrey Kneller and Michael Dahl, had integrated so well into British society - many even receiving knighthoods - that they can truly be regarded as countrymen of their English counterparts, like William Dobson and John Michael Wright.